"Conventionality is not morality. Self-righteousness is not religion" — Charlotte Brontë, Preface to second edition of Jane Eyre: An Autobiography
Birth: April 21, 1816 at Thornton, West Yorkshire, UK
Death: March 31, 1855
Family: Patrick (father), Maria (mother), Elizabeth Branwell (Aunt), Siblings (Maria, Elizabeth, Branwell, Emily, Anne)
Home from 1820 until death: Haworth, West Yorkshire, UK
Schooling: Brief stay at Cowan Bridge Clergy Daughters School and another year of schooling at Roe Head school in 1831. Eventually traveled to Brussels to attend The Pensionnat Heger
Employment before Publication: Teacher and governess, both professions were not to her liking.
  • Poems by Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell (joint publication by the three sisters, 1846) under pseudonyms: Currer [Charlotte], Ellis [Emily] and Acton [Anne] Bell.
  • Shirley (1849)
  • Villette (1853)
  • The Professor (1857 posthumously)
  • Emma (unfinished; 1860 posthumously)
Creative Influences: Romantic writers (Byron, Scott, Wordsworth, Sothey,Coleridge)
Life in Context:
  • Luddite Rebellion, 1811-1816: Stories from father's experiences during Luddite Rebellion inspired Shirley
  • Napoleonic Wars, 1789-1815: Initially becomes the basis for the juvenile writings. The Duke of Wellington, commander at the Battle of Waterloo, which ended the Napoleonic War was Charlotte's hero.
  • Regency Period, 1798-1832: Although Charlotte published during the Vicitorian era, she was greatly influenced by the Romantic movement. She admired the writings of Byron, Southey, and Sir Walter Scott, who were famous for their Romantic style.